‘Śmiały’ is a steel 59-foot ketch type J-140 designed in 1957 by Henryk Kujawa and his team (W. Kuchta, W. Samoliński, and Z. Pieńkawa)
‘Śmiały’ is a yacht type J-140, commonly known as Stoczterdziestka (Oneforty). It can take a crew of 10 on board. Its steel hull is 18 m long, 4 m wide and 2.8 m draft. Wooden masts tower above the teak wood deck and the interior built of oak wood accommodate 3 cabins, a mess cabin, two bathrooms, a navigation cabin and a technical compartment.
J-140 is a bermudan ketch and it has 144 m2 of basic sails. A series of six vessels of this type was created at the Gdańsk Shipyard: ‘Jurand’, ‘Otago’, ‘Dar Opola’, ‘Śmiały’, ‘Joseph Conrad’ and ‘Jan z Kolno’.
Total length Lc = 18 m
Total width Bc = 4.07 m
Maximum draft Tm = 2.53 m
Side height Hk = 3.55 m
Displacement D = 28.91 t
Rig height Ht = 22 m
Sail area S = 144 m2
Oneforty is based on the proven, brave and fast construction of ‘Peter von Danzig’ by Heinrich Gruber, which was built in 1935. The German yacht, together with its sister unit ‘Roland von Bremen’, participated in the Olympic Bermuda - Cuxhaven regatta in 1936. In 1973 ‘Peter von Danzig’ and one of the Polish oneforties ‘Otago’ had the opportunity to challenge themselves during the Whitbread round-earth regatta. The Poles defeated the Germans arriving at the finish line 28 hours earlier.
Only three J-140 yachts have survived to this day: ‘Śmiały’, ‘Joseph Conrad’ and ‘Tara’ (previously called ‘Dar Opola’), which flies under the Danish flag. Nowadays, ‘Śmiały’ requires complete renovation, including hull plating, deck, installations, engine, rigging and interior repairs. New navigation and rescue equipment is also needed to allow the yacht to return safely to the oceans.
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A scientific expedition of the Polish Geographical Society around South America led ‘Śmiały’ through three seas and two oceans. From July 1965 to October 1966 Captain Bolesław Kowalski and his crew sailed almost 23,000 nautical miles, conducting field research on their way under the direction of Tadeusz Wilgat. In 1968 PTG (Polish Geographical Society) organized another scientific expedition on ‘Śmiały’, this time to explore the foreground of the Skeidarár Glacier in Iceland.
Many pioneering expeditions were organized on ‘Śmiały’, including the 1970 Andrzej Rościszewski’s expedition to circumnavigate Iceland, and the 1972 expedition to Spitsbergen where after a mainmast failure he overcame over 1,500 NM with a makeshift rigging.